Effect of Cryopreservation and cumulative population doublings on Senescence of Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Jeanne Adiwinata, Noviyanti Goei, Isabella Kurnia Liem, Dian Mediana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Multiple harvest explant method (MHEM) derived umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) was shown to undergo senescent beginning at passage-10 (P-10). However, for the same cells, there are no senescent data after cryopreservation and passage. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the senescent profile of cryopreserved MHEM derived UC-MSCs after serial passages. Methods: MHEM derived UC-MSCs were isolated and cultured in platelet lysate (PL) containing medium as described previously. The cells were cryopreserved at passage-1 (P-1) in 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and 10% PL containing alpha minimal essential medium (αMEM). Cell density at cryopreservation was 500 000 cells/mL. After one month, the cells were thawed and recultured until P-8 in six 12-well plate. At 80-90% confluent, two wells were harvested and the cells were recultured into six wells, and the four remaining wells were subjected to senescent (β-galactosidase) staining, which was done for all passages. Random photographs were taken from all stained wells, and senescent percentage was recorded. Results: No senescent cells were observed at P-2. Senescent cells began to appear at P-3. Percentage (mean ± SD) of senescent cells from P-3 through P-8 were 0.04 ± 0.02, 1.18 ± 1.82, 0.14 ± 0.18, 0.49 ± 0.00, 0.58 ±0.91, and 0.07 ± 0.07, respectively. Results: No senescent cells were observed at P-2. Senescent cells began to appear at P-3. Percentage (mean ± SD) of senescent cells from P-3 through P-8 were 0.04 ± 0.02, 1.18 ± 1.82, 0.14 ± 0.18, 0.49 ± 0.00, 0.58 ±0.91, and 0.07 ± 0.07, respectively. Conclusion: No senescent cells were observed at P-2 (cumulative population doubling [CPD] > 9.38). Senescent cells began to appear at P-3 (CPD > 14.06), but in all passages until P-8 (CPD >34.34) the senescent percentage was below 5%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-113
JournalInternational Journal of PharmTech Research
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • MSC, Umbilical cord, Cryopreservation, Passage, Senescence

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