The microstructures, mechanical properties, deformation mechanism, and recrystallization behavior of Cu-Zn-Bi alloys for cartridge case application have been investigated in this research. Cu-28Zn-1.1Bi wt. % alloys were produced by gravity casting and subjected to a homogenization – cold rolling – annealing sequences with variations on reduction level and annealing temperature. Samples characterizations were done through optical emission spectroscopy, optical microscopy, SEM-EDS imaging, and X-ray mapping modes, while hardness measurements were performed using micro Vickers method. The presence of Bi was found to increase cartridge brass hardness through a dispersoid strengthening mechanism in which dislocation movements are rendered by Bi particles. Higher deformation levels resulted in higher microhardness of the alloy. Recrystallization took place at grain boundaries and areas surrounding Bi dispersoid at 400 °C, while further heating resulted in grain growth phenomenon. Bismuth addition accelerated the recrystallization process in cartridge brass by a particles stimulated nucleation (PSN) mechanism.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Materials Science Forum|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2018|
- Cartridge brass
- Grain growth
- Particle stimulated nucleation