Effect of chitosan on the enamel demineralization process in vitro: An enamel solubility test

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Abstract

Dental caries and erosion are caused by demineralization, which occurs as a result of imbalanced tooth remineralization. Chitosan contains highly acid-reactive hydroxyl and amino groups and thus may affect the solubility of tooth enamel and mechanisms associated with increased environmental pH in the oral cavity. In this study, we examined the effects of chitosan on 11 extracted incisive and pre-molar teeth. The teeth were categorized into baseline group, negative control, acid plus chitosan, and chitosan treatment groups. Compared to the negative control, the teeth subjected to acid plus chitosan treatment led to an increased pH and decreased calcium concentration. It can be concluded that chitosan inhibits the tooth enamel demineralization process in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052005
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1073
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2018
Event2nd Physics and Technologies in Medicine and Dentistry Symposium, PTMDS 2018 - Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 18 Jul 201818 Jul 2018

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