Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that attacks oral mucosa. Estrogen stimulates proliferation and buccal mucosa cornification and generally acts as an immunoinhibitor that can increase antibody synthesis through humoral response, while progesterone has immunosuppressive potential. This study aimed to examine the levels of blood estrogen and progesterone in females with Minor RAS of varying severity. Subjects were 42 women, 17-40 years old, with Minor RAS but without hormonal therapy or hysterectomy. They were investigated to see whether the severity of pain was related to condition of onset, recurrence and site or amount of lesions. Blood was taken on the 21st - 22nd day of the menstrual cycle to test both hormone levels, using Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay for the estrogen level, and Competitive Radioimmunoassay for the progesterone level. There was no significant relation between estrogen (p=0.530) or progesterone (p=0.717) level and the severity of Minor RAS. There is a tendency of normal estrogen level on both mild (62.5%) and severe (37.5%) Minor RAS. However, the progesterone level tends to be low both in mild (61.3%) and severe (38.7%) Minor RAS. It is assumed that the decrease of progesterone level also decreases the anti-inflammation function.
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - 30 May 2018|
|Event||7th International Seminar on New Paradigm and Innovation on Natural Sciences and Its Application, ISNPINSA 2017 - Semarang, Indonesia|
Duration: 17 Oct 2017 → 17 Oct 2017