Effect of biomass types on bio-oil characteristics in a catalytic fast pyrolysis process with a nI/zsm-5 catalyst

Widodo Wahyu Purwanto, Dijan Supramono, Rahma Muthia, Muhamad Fakri Firdaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The application of bio-oil for biofuel has been limited due to its low heating value, high acidity and high oxygenate content. Pursuant to the urgency of obtaining access to sustainable energy from renewable resources, the studies for bio-oil upgrading have been recently placed in high priority. This study is aimed at identifying the effect of biomass types on bio-oil product characteristics. The conversion of several types of biomass, i.e. rice straw, rubberwood (Hevea brasiliensis), and palm Empty Fruit Bunches (EFB) to bio-oil by-products was investigated in a Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis (CFP) reactor using a Ni/ZSM-5 nickel nitrate and zeolite catalyst at 550°C and at atmospheric pressure. The results show that Ni/ZSM-5 catalyst has actively enhanced the de-oxygenation reaction process and aromatic production. The composition of aromatic compounds in bio-oil from rubberwood, rice straw, and EFB are 10.25 wt%, 7.8 wt%, and 5.98 wt%, respectively. In the absence of a catalyst, bio-oil from rice straw contains no aromatics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-1075
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Aromatic
  • Bio-oil
  • Catalytic fast pyrolysis
  • Ni/ZSM-5

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of biomass types on bio-oil characteristics in a catalytic fast pyrolysis process with a nI/zsm-5 catalyst'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this