Effect of betel leaf extract gel on color change in the dental enamel

D. Hoppy, A. Noerdin, Bambang Irawan, A. Soufyan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Betel leaf extract gel contains tannin, a chromogenic agent that causes extrinsic discoloration of the tooth enamel. This study aimed to determine the effect of betel leaf extract gel on color changes in the tooth enamel. Eighteen extracted premolar teeth were divided into three groups (n = 6 each) based on the concentration of the betel leaf extract gel: 15%, 25%, and 35%. Color measurements were performed before application, and after 5, 15, and 26 applications (equivalent to 1, 3, and 6 months of application, respectively). The discolorations were calculated using the CIE L∗a∗b∗ formula. Statistical analysis revealed significant changes in color on the enamel surface among the 5, 15, and 26 gel applications at all three concentrations. Thus, duration of application of the betel leaf extract gel has a significant effect on color change of tooth enamel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number032028
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sept 2018
Event2nd Physics and Technologies in Medicine and Dentistry Symposium, PTMDS 2018 - Depok, West Java, Indonesia
Duration: 18 Jul 201818 Jul 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of betel leaf extract gel on color change in the dental enamel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this