Effect of basicity on beneficiated chromite sand smelting process using submerged arc furnace

F. Nurjaman, S. Subandrio, Deni Ferdian, Bambang Suharno

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ferrochrome is an important alloy in stainless steel making due to its contribution to high strength and corrosion resistance. In this present study, ferrochrome was derived from Indonesian chromite sand with low-grade Cr/Fe ratio. In order to improve the ratio, beneficiation process such as pre-magnetic separation and reduction process at 1000°C for 60 minutes was required. The process followed by another magnetic separation, thus the Cr/Fe ratio was increased from 0.9 to 1.6. The reduction process used coconut shell charcoal as reductant and limestone as an additive. The beneficiated sand chromite was briquette using bentonite as a binder in 2 wt.% before it was smelted in a submerged electric arc furnace to produce ferrochrome. Basicity was controlled by the addition of limestone and it was varied from 0.4-1.6. Furthermore, the composition of ferrochrome was analyzed by using X-Ray Fluorescence. From this experiment, the result showed that chromium recovery and specific energy was decreased with the increasing of slag basicity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials, ISMM 2017
Subtitle of host publicationMetallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development
EditorsM. Yunan Hasbi, Daniel Panghihutan Malau, Dhyah Annur, M. Ikhlasul Amal, Satrio Herbirowo, Yulinda Lestari
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416697
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2018
Event1st International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials: Metallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development, ISMM 2017 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Oct 201725 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1964
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials: Metallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development, ISMM 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period24/10/1725/10/17

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of basicity on beneficiated chromite sand smelting process using submerged arc furnace'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this