Effect of atorvastatin on subclinical atherosclerosis in virallysuppressed HIV-infected patients with CMV seropositivity: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial

Evy Yunihastuti, Lusiani Rusdi, Muhammad Syahrir Azizi, Riwanti Estiasari, Chyntia Olivia Maurine Jasirwan, Endah Ayu T. Wulandari, Dyah Purnamasari, Mutiara Shinta Noviar, Sally Aman Nasution

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Persistent immune activation and inflammation in HIVinfection are linked to excess cardiovascular risk and other noncommunicable diseases. Periodic asymptomatic CMV-reactivity in HIV infected patients over a lifetime may contribute to non-AIDS defining morbidity. Despite undetectable levels of HIV and CMV, these patients continue to have increased levels of biomarkers and immune activations. Statin administration is thought to reduce subclinical atherosclerosis by decreasing LDL-C levels. It may also add beneficial effects against CMV infection. Methods: We are conducting a double-blind placebo-controlled trial in which patients are randomized to receive either atorvastatin or placebo with a ratio of 1:1. This trial aims to study the effect of atorvastatin in statin-naive virally-suppressed HIV-infected patients with stable ART and CMV seropositivity on carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), tool that evaluates subclinical atherosclerosis. The study recruits 80 patients at HIV integrated care unit of Cipto Mangunkusumo hospital. All eligible subjects have CIMT evaluation as primary outcome, along with flow mediated vasodilatation (FMD), liver fibrosis and steatosis evaluation, fasting lipid, neurocognitive test, community periodontal index (CPI), and residual immune activation as secondary outcomes in 48 weeks. Ethics and dissemination: This study has received an ethical approval from Health Research Ethics Commitee–Universitas Indonesia and Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Before joining the study, all participants fill in an informed consent form. At the end of study analysis, the trial results will be published and disseminated in peerreviewed journals. Discussion: The main purpose of our study is to evaluate the effect of atorvastatin administration on CIMT changes in statin naïve virally suppressed HIV-infected patients with stable ART and CMV seropositivity Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov ID NCT04101136; registered on 24 September 2019.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalF1000Research
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • atherosclerosis
  • atorvastatin
  • cognitive dysfunction
  • cytomegalovirus
  • HIV
  • non alcoholic fatty liver
  • periodontitis

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