Effect of Al2O3 addition on characteristics of Al-4Cu-4Mg composites produced by thixoforming process

Anne Zulfia, Abdullah Fahmi, Aris Hadyo Wicaksono

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Aluminium matrix composites have been widely developed due to its lightweight, therefore, Al composites have been potentially used for many application especially for vehicle components. Al-4Cu-4Mg reinforced Al2O3 has been successfully produced by the thixoforming process. In this study, Al-4Cu-4Mg as a matrix phase was prepared from Al ingot, Cu plate and Mg ingot and these materials were heated at 750°C, then Al2O3 particles with various from 5vf-% to 20vf-% were added into molten Al-4Cu-4Mg to produce composites using stir casting method. The stir cast composite was heated at 640°C to semi-solid state temperature then press as called thixoforming process. The effect of Al2O3 addition on characteristics and microstructure of stir cast and thixoformed composites are studied. The results show that thixoformed composites have better properties than that of stir cast composites, such as hardness, porosity and wear resistance. The porosities of thixoformed composites are lower with less Al2O3 content than that of high Al2O3content. The microstructures of stir cast composites are generally dendrite structure while thixoformed composites are columnar and globular which contributed to having better characteristic than that of dendrite structures. The hardness and wear resistance of thixoformed composites are higher than that of stir cast composite. It is also showed that composite containing 10vf-% Al2O3 provides optimum mechanical properties for both stir-cast and thixoformed composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1658-1667
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event1st Materials Research Society of Thailand International Conference, MRS Thailand 2019 - Chiang Mai, Thailand
Duration: 31 Oct 20173 Nov 2017


  • Al-4%Cu-4%Mg alloy
  • AlO
  • Dendrite
  • Globular
  • Hardness
  • Thixoforming
  • Wear


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