Effect of a weight loss program on body composition and metabolic syndrome markers in obese weight cyclers

Samuel Oetoro, Lukman H. Makmun, Widjaja Lukito, Andi Wijaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: to evaluate the effect of weight loss program on fat mass, visceral fat rating and metabolic syndrome markers in obese subjects with weight cycling.

METHODS: this was an 8-week open trial. The subjects were recruited consecutively from Balai Kota DKI Jaya. Subjects were classified into two groups according to the fluctuation of weight gain (weight cycling/WC and first encounter obesity/FEO group). Both groups were assigned to receive weight loss program consisted with following goals: a 1000 kcal energy intake reduction and 45 minutes mild-to-moderate intensity physical activity three times a week. Body composition (fat mass, visceral fat rating), and metabolic syndrome markers (waist circumference and triglyceride levels) were measured at baseline, week 4 and at the end of study.

RESULTS: seventy two subjects completed the study (34 subjects in WC group and 38 subjects in FEO group). Following weight loss program, a decrease in fat mass, visceral fat rating, and waist circumference was lower in WC group compared with FEO group but it was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Triglyceride levels were decreased in the FEO group while it was increased in WC group. However the difference was not significant (p=0.055).

CONCLUSION: weight loss program may contribute to changes in body composition and metabolic syndrome markers in obese subjects, which the response appears to be worse in weight cyclers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-208
Number of pages10
JournalActa medica Indonesiana
Volume46
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014

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