Objective: This study aimed to describe the differences in clinical task performance between nurses with a 3-year diploma, 4-year bachelor of nursing degree, and master/specialist nursing degree in Indonesian hospitals. The study employed a cross-sectional design. Method: An online questionnaire was developed for this study and administered to 904 nurses but completed by only 410 nurses from 95 hospitals in 19 of the 34 provinces of Indonesia (55.9%). The questionnaire detailed 158 clinical tasks about patient education, collaboration, management of patient care, observation, and therapy. Results: In general, master/specialist nurses performed more tasks in the patient care management category. Moreover, nurses with a 3-year diploma performed significantly more tasks than did those with a 4-year bachelor of nursing in all clinical tasks (p < 0.05), except in the patient care management category (p = 0.68). Conclusion: Hospital management could play a role in strengthening the performance of patient care management of nurses with bachelor's degrees, which may have a positive impact on patient outcomes. Further study is needed to explore the non-clinical nursing tasks performed by those with different education levels, which may affect their performance of clinical tasks.
- Cost–benefit analysis