Economic analysis of graphene aerogel polyurethane sponge production as adsorbent for oil-water separation

Septian Noer Addina, Muhammad Idrus Alhamid, Anwar Usman, Eko Adi Prasetyanto, Muhammad Sufyan, Eny Kusrini

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, economic feasibility of graphene aerogel polyurethane sponge (GAPU) production as an adsorbent for oil-water separation was investigated. GAPU has been made from graphite and it was further oxidized by the modified Hummers method to form graphene oxide (GO) or it was reduced to form reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The rGO was blended with polyurethane (PU) sponge and this rGO-PU composite was freeze-dried into an aerogel to change their shapes. This study was aimed to determine the economic parameters based on the scenarios of GAPU production being 547, 6,000, and 12,000 tons per year. The first scenario with a selling price of US$ 9.79/kg showed the net present value (NPV) of US$ 1,241,083.23, break event point (BEP) of 44.21%, internal rate of return (IRR) of 8.62%, and payback period (PBP) of 6.48 years. For the second scenario, the selling price is of US$ 2.62/Kg, NPV is US$ 10,075,984.08, BEP is 33.01%, IRR is 33.37%, and PBP is 2.21 years. The third scenario with an estimated selling price of US $ 2.05/Kg showed an NPV of US$ 17,039,863.70, BEP of 27.10%, IRR of 40.60%, and PBP of 2.19 years. The third scenario with GAPU production of 12,000 tons is the best. Sensitivity analysis showed that the selling price of the product decreases by 10% is more unfavorable to the economic value than the price of raw materials increased by 10%. GAPU gets a cheaper selling price than other methods with provided that the economic value is fullfilled when NPV is positive, BEP is less than 50%, and IRR is higher than 15%, and the removed oil can be reused and potential for sale. Finally, it can be concluded that the production of GAPU is feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1896-1907
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials Today: Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event17th International Conference on Advanced Nano Materials, ANM 2020 - Averio, Portugal
Duration: 4 Nov 20206 Nov 2020


  • Economic value studies
  • Graphene aerogel polyurethane sponge
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • Separation oil-water


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