Echocardiographic Imaging in Transcatheter Structural Intervention: An AAE Review Paper

Raja Ezman Raja Shariff, Amiliana M. Soesanto, Gregory M. Scalia, See Hooi Ewe, Masaki Izumo, Liwen Liu, Williams Ching Wei Li, Kevin Ka Ho Kam, Yiting Fan, Geu Ru Hong, Abdulhalim Jamal Kinsara, Edwin S. Tucay, Jae K. Oh, Alex Pui Wai Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Transcatheter structural heart intervention (TSHI) has gained popularity over the past decade as a means of cardiac intervention in patients with prohibitive surgical risks. Following the exponential rise in cases and devices developed over the period, there has been increased focus on developing the role of “structural imagers” amongst cardiologists. This review, as part of a growing initiative to develop the field of interventional echocardiography, aims to highlight the role of echocardiography in myriad TSHIs available within Asia. We first discuss the various echocardiography-based imaging modalities, including 3-dimensional echocardiography, fusion imaging, and intracardiac echocardiography. We then highlight a selected list of structural interventions available in the region—a combination of established interventions alongside novel approaches—describing key anatomic and pathologic characteristics related to the relevant structural heart diseases, before delving into various aspects of echocardiography imaging for each TSHI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-579
Number of pages24
JournalJACC: Asia
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • echocardiography
  • interventional echocardiography
  • review
  • transcatheter structural intervention


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