Eating behaviour of Indonesian adolescents: A systematic review of the literature

Cut Novianti Rachmi, Hafizah Jusril, Iwan Ariawan, Ty Beal, Aang Sutrisna

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives:Global evidence has shown that behaviour acquired during adolescence often lasts into adulthood. Diet quality of and malnutrition in Indonesian adolescents is a neglected area of research. The current study reviews all studies related to eating behaviour in Indonesian adolescents to support evidence-based policy to improve diets.Design:We searched electronic databases (six international and one local), from January 2000 to April 2018. The search terms used were (1) prevalence (prevalence OR number∗ OR case∗, incidence OR survey), (2) adolescents (adolescen∗ OR school-age OR young adult), (3) Indonesia (Indonesia∗) and (4) eating pattern (eat∗ OR fruit OR vegetable OR food recall OR food OR frequenc∗ OR consumption OR dietary intake). Articles were assessed against a critical appraisal tool.Setting:Indonesia.Participants:10-19 years.Results:We discovered 15 studies related to eating behaviour, 5 of which were secondary analyses of nationally representative surveys and one was a nationwide survey. Of the nine studies, one study was conducted in multiple cities, and the rest were conducted in a single city or smaller area. There were seven main topics from the included studies: nutrient adequacy, fruit and vegetable consumption, water and beverage intake, Na intake, breakfast habit, snacking frequency and western fast food consumption.Conclusions:Adolescents consume inadequate amounts of protein, fruits and vegetables, and excessive amounts of Na and western fast food. Measures are needed to improve and motivate adolescents to adopt healthier eating patterns. Furthermore, there is a need to have one standard definition and measurement of eating behaviour in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S84-S97
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Adolescents
  • Dietary intake
  • Eating behaviour
  • Food consumption
  • Indonesia


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