E-voting Adoption in the Philippines: Preliminary Research

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The Philippines has adopted e-voting in their national election since 2010. In 2010, they only implemented e-voting in one area. Then, they implemented e-voting throughout the Philippines in the election 2013 and 2016. The Philippines is the only country in Southeast Asia that has adopted e-voting in scope of national election Despite receiving appreciations, the adoption of e-voting in the Philippines has just also raised the debates in the views of some stakeholders, such as NGOs. This paper seeks to answer the question: "Why the Philippines adopt e-voting in their national elections?" More specifically, what are the causal factors of e-voting adoption in the Philippines' national elections? This preliminary research combines two methods of data collection: observation and secondary data collection. This research finds that there are two factors causing the Philippines adopts e-voting: the frauds in manual elections and the agreement of political elites in the Philippines to use electronic methods to improve the quality of national election.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event8th NEU-KKU International Conference - TH, Thailand, Thailand
Duration: 1 Jan 2017 → …


Conference8th NEU-KKU International Conference
Period1/01/17 → …


  • national elections
  • e-voting adoption
  • the Philippines
  • frauds
  • political elites


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