A numerical model for the dynamic analysis and control of a solar-assisted single–double-effect absorption chiller is presented. The mathematical model relies on energy and mass balances, which consider the heat and mass storage in each component. The resistance ratio method is introduced to capture the variation in the thermal conductance representing system disturbances and load variations according to the internal and external flow rates. The model was validated with reference to the outlet temperatures of hot, cooling, and chilled water from field test data for a given gas flow rate and corresponding inlet temperatures. The agreement between the field test and simulation results demonstrates the reliability of the model. Deviations between simulated and experimental temperatures mostly stays below 0.5 °C. The model was used to establish an effective operating strategy capable of minimizing the primary energy consumption without affecting the stability of the cooling output capacity and to verify the corresponding beneficial effect. The proposed operational approach increases the coefficient of performance by as much as 32 % compared with the previously implemented operation strategy, reaching up to a maximum value of 10.7 at 60 % cooling capacity.
|Journal||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Jan 2023|
- Absorption chiller
- Dynamic analysis
- Resistance ratio