Background: In Indonesia, 18.4% patient done non-cardiac surgery at RSUPN Cipto Mangunkusumo Indonesia had Post-operative Pulmonary Complications (PPC).Studies shown that duration of surgery associated with PPC. This study aims to know the role of duration of surgeryas a predictor of respiratory failure and pneumonia in post-operative patient during 30 days after surgery. Method: This cohort retrospective study were conducted from November 2016 until July 2017using medical records of patients who underwent surgery at RSUPN Cipto Mangunkusumo from2012 until 2016. Samples weretaken by consecutive sampling which fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria, and being followed up until 30 days after surgery. Result: From 102 patients, 58.8% were females, 35.5% were 41-50 years old, 25.5% werehigh school graduated, 34.3% werenot employed, 77.5 % weren't having any weight reduction, 80.4 % not smoking, none had COPD, 61.8 % underwent general anesthesia, 64.7 % underwent elective surgery and 51,96 % operation site in abdomen. From all samples, 10.8 % had respiratory failure and 6.9 % had pneumonia. From bivariate analysis, duration of surgery can't be a predictor of either with respiratory failure (p 0,106; RR 3,56; CI 95 % 0,885 -14,280) or pneumonia (p 0,701; RR 1,61; CI 95 % 0,342-7,601). Conclusion:. Duration of surgery can't be a single predictor to predict respiratory failure and pneumonia as PPC.
|Journal||Indonesian Journal of CHEST : Critical and Emergency Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2018|
- duration of surgery, pneumonia, post-operative pulmonary complication, respiratory failure