Dry film photoresist application to a printed circuit board (PCB) using a maskless photolithography method

Dedi Suwandi, Rofan Aziz, Agus Sifa, Emin Haris, Jos Istiyanto, Yudan Whulanza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper offers an alternative method of making PCB routing using a negative dry film photoresist and a maskless photolithography method. The objective of this research is to determine the correct parameters for the process of making PCB design easier, cheaper and safer. Electronic circuit design was created on a laptop or PC using Autodesk EAGLE software with a combination of result is black and blue light color. PCB routing design was inserted into a PowerPoint slide to display on a commercial Digital Light Processing (DLP) projector. No modifications were made to a projector, which was mounted directly on a stand with a downward facing position. The projector lamp replaced an ultraviolet or X-ray source during the exposure process, exposing PCB coated in negative dry film photoresist. After the exposure process, the PCB was inserted into the developer solution, causing the blue light irradiated part to remain while the blackened sections dissolved. The PCB was then added to an etching solution to scrape the copper unprotected by the photoresist. The PCB was finally soaked in a remover solution to remove the photoresist. Once complete, the process generated a laptop-designed PCB routing. Electrical lines can be created using this method with a size of 100 μm and a lane edge deviation of 5 μm. The goal of research to make PCB routing cheaper, easier and safer was achieved. Evidenced by the installation of electronic components and then tested, the results are all components function well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1033-1041
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Dry film photoresist
  • Lithography
  • Maskless
  • Maskless lithography
  • PCB


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