Drag reduction effect of crude palm oil flow by using Tween 80 in pentagon spiral pipe

Yanuar, Gunawan, Angga Arianda, M. Raihan Setiawan, Whisnu Febriansyah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The growing interest to produce biofuel from vegetable oil has increased demand for crude palm oil (CPO) as a potential source for biofuel production. The common problems encountered in industrial processes through piping system are cloudiness and high consumption on pump power due to high drag in CPO flow. Tween 80 (T80) as nonionic surfactant commonly used to reduce the cloud point. The objective of this study was to more wide investigate about T80 in several concentrations into CPO flow in pentagon spiral pipe to reveal the drag reduction impact. The test pipes were the pentagon spiral pipe with diameter ratio P/Di 10.8 and circular pipe with inner diameter 4 mm. The circular pipe was used comparison for drag reduction prediction. The effectiveness of drag reduction effect was analyzed by measuring of pressure drop at two pressure tap points. The results showed that T80 concentrations have an important impact on drag reduction effect and pentagon spiral pipe have higher drag reduction effect than circular pipe.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2019
EditorsEny Kusrini, I. Gde Dharma Nugraha
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2020
Event4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2255
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityBali
Period14/08/1916/08/19

Keywords

  • crude palm oil
  • drag reduction
  • nonionic surfactant
  • pentagon spiral pipe
  • pressure drop

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