Drag reduction by surfactant of crude oil flow in pentagon spiral pipe

Yanuar, Gunawan, M. Raihan Setiawan, Whisnu Febriansyah, Angga Arianda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

High power consumption in piping system due to high pressure losses in a turbulent flow has been recognized as a critical problem occurring to fluid flows in various industrial piping systems, including crude oil transportation in the oil and gas sector. To solve the problem, a drag reducing agent (DRA) is added into crude oil flow for improving the pumping efficiency. One of most technically effective, low costs and well-known DRA is anionic surfactant. Thus, this study aims at investigating the reduction of pressure drop by adding anionic surfactant sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) at different concentrations into crude oil flow in a pentagon spiral pipe. Effectiveness of the DRA is comparatively observed in a pentagon spiral pipe with 10.8 ratio of diameter (P/Di) and in a circular pipe with 4mm inner diameter. This research particularly highlights the application of pentagon spiral pipe to provide the maximum drag reduction performance for crude oil flow. Then, a certain concentration of anionic surfactant SLS is observed to actively reduce friction factor.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2019
EditorsEny Kusrini, I. Gde Dharma Nugraha
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2020
Event4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2255
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityBali
Period14/08/1916/08/19

Keywords

  • Crude oil
  • DRA
  • Pentagon spiral pipe
  • Pressure drop
  • SLS

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