Microwave absorption characteristics of double layer of barium hexaferrite attached on the silica to from a composite on the basis of wave propagation theory have been investigated. Barium hexaferrite, BaFe12 O19, was synthesized through ceramic method from stoichiometric mixtures of BaCO3 and Fe2 O3 as precursors. The mixture was pelletized under the pressure of 10 MPa and sintered at 1100 °C for 5 hours. Silica in the forms of powder was purified by using HCl. The crystal structure of the samples was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), microstructure was examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM), hysteresis curves recorded by PERMAGRAPH techniques, whereas the microwave absorbing properties for X-band was recorded using a vector network analyzer (VNA). Relative complex permeability and permittivity, and reflection loss values were calculated at given thickness according to transmittance line theory within the range 8.2–12.4 GHz. Based on this study, the layer dimension and frequency that results in low reflection loss can be estimated from the material properties of the barium hexaferrite/silica composite material.