Dominant factors of metabolic syndrome among a sample of school teachers in Jakarta, Indonesia

Qonita Rachmah, Diah Mulyawati Utari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Metabolic syndrome leading to cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes, is caused by several factors. This study aims to identify the dominant factor of metabolic syndrome. A cross-sectional study was conducted to 138 school teachers. Data collected through anthropometric measurement, blood sample collection and interview. Physical activity level was assessed using GPAQ questionnaire, while teaching activity was assessed using questionnaire. Data were analysed using chi-square for all dependent variables and simple logistic regression analysis for variable of age, BMI, and abdominal circumference. 24.6% teachers were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. There was an association between age, BMI, abdominal circumference, physical activity, and teaching activity with metabolic syndrome (p<0.05). The analysis further showed no relation but a tendency that teachers with married status, cholesterol intake >200 mg/day, carbohydrate intake >60% of total energy, frequency of vegetables consumption <4x/week, and sleep duration ≤7 hours/day were more likely to have metabolic syndrome. Multivariate analysis showed that BMI was the dominant factor of metabolic syndrome in teachers (OR=14.797; 95% CI -1.73 - 126.35). A.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1343-1349
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Abdominal obesity
  • Adults
  • Body mass index
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity


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