Dominant factors of central obesity in hypertensive patients

Anila Istitis Atin, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Central obesity, which has increased in hypertensive patients over the past ten years, is a risk factor for long term complications such as type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases. These diseases have health consequences ranging from increasing risk of early death to severe chronic conditions reducing the quality of life. When a person becomes overweight or obese at a young age, the incidence and severity of long-term complications due to obesity also increases significantly. Objectives: This cross-sectional research study identifies the difference between sleep quality and other factors of central obesity in hypertensive patients. The study sample included hypertensive patients studied at the Puskesmas Tegal Gundil. Material and Method: We recruited 92 hypertensive patients from Puskesmas Tegal Gundil, North Bogor District.Data were collected in 2017. The Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to assess physical and sedentary activity. Sleep quality and duration were assessed using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Energy, carbohydrate, protein, fat and dietary fiber intake are analyzed with the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and Nutrisurvey software. Result: The frequency of central obesity in our sample was 82.6%, and there were significant relationships between central obesity and sleep quality, energy and carbohydrate intake. Conclusion: A dietary approach to stop hypertension for Indonesians (DASHI) should be socialized for hypertensive patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1603-1607
Number of pages5
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019


  • Central obesity
  • Dietary intake
  • Hypertensive patients
  • Sleep quality


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