Distance sensor with a tunable aperture actuated by thermal expansion of silicon chevron beams

Chong Ho Hong, Hyeon Cheol Kim, Wisnu Jatmiko, Kurnianingsih, Kukjin Chun, Byung Gook Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To measure the distance of an object, we propose a distance sensor that combines a tunable aperture operated by the thermal expansion of silicon chevron beams with a commercial camera similar to the automotive black box. The distance sensor is composed of a tunable aperture, a lens with an 8 mm focal length, and a 1/4-inch full high definition image sensor, where a tunable aperture is attached to the camera lens. To estimate the distance to the object, the blur difference is expressed in the form of a depth map using the depth from defocus algorithm. The mean error of distance estimation was 0.29 m. The area of the tunable aperture in the distance sensor is 1.18 mm2 at OFF state and 2.79 mm2 when the voltage is applied. The distance sensor can display an image and a distance simultaneously and can be applied to autonomous vehicles, drones, and robots.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065006
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Volume31
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • depth from defocus
  • distance sensor
  • Joule's heating
  • MEMS device
  • silicon chevron beam
  • thermal expansion
  • tunable aperture

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