Cardiovascular disease has become the first cause of death among elderly. Many studies on the relationship between dyslipidemia, obesity and cardiovascular disease have been done, but studies investigating prevalence of dyslipidemia and central obesity among the elderly in Indonesia are lacking. Therefore, there is an urgent need to elaborate information on dyslipidemia and central obesity in the Indonesian elderly, which will allow the policy makers to provide appropriate intervention programs against cardiovascular disease. The primary purpose of this study was to observe prevalence of dyslipidemia and central obesity, and also to find independent factors of central obesity among elderly in Padang, area with high prevalence of cardiovascular disease. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in Padang with total sample of 205 elderly using multistage random sampling. Data were collected through interview using structured questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, biochemical blood analysis, and blood pressure measurements. Prevalence of dyslipidemia (hypercholesterolemia and LDL -cholesterolemia) and ratio of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol ³ 5 found in the study was quite high, more than 50% and 45% respectively, in the study population both in elderly men and women. Prevalence of central obesity was also quite high in elderly women (46.3 %). This study showed that triglyceride level more than 200 mg/dl (OR 8.5) and ratio of total/HDL cholesterol ³ 5 (OR 3.08) increase the risk of having central obesity 8.5 fold and 3.08 fold, respectively. Health education program to elderly group should emphasize the importance of regular check of plasma lipid and simple anthropometric measurement for early detection of cardiovascular disease risk factors.