Background: Down syndrome is an autosomal chromosomal disorder caused by entire or partial trisomy of chromosome 21, which occurs in approximately 1 out of 700 live births. Several studies had found that feeding difficulty and swallowing disorder (dysphagia) are common and persistent problems in children with Down syndrome. Purpose: to describe characteristics of abnormalities that can occur in children with Down syndrome using the Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) examination. Case report: 8 Pediatric patients with Down syndrome, obtained from medical record of FEES examination in Endoscopic Bronchoesophagology Clinic of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Department (ENT-HNS) Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, from October 2016 up to September 2017. Method: A structured literature search was performed using Pubmed, ClinicalKey, Cochrane, and Google scholar, according to clinical question of how the characteristics of dysphagia in pediatric patients with Down syndrome through FEES examination? The selection of articles is based on inclusion and exclusion criteria which resulted in 1 relevant paper. Results: The article obtained was a retrospective study reporting descriptive characteristics of dysphagia in children with Down syndrome. Conclusion: Anatomical abnormalities in children with Down syndrome play a role in eating disorders and dysphagia.
- dysphagia; pediatric dysphagia; FEES; swallowing disorders; Down syndrome