Discerning Work as a Calling: The Role of Job Crafting

Missiliana Riasnugrahani, Corina D. Riantoputra, Bagus Takwin, Hana Panggabean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


On the basis of career construction theory (CCT), the authors aimed to describe mechanisms by which work may be perceived as a calling. They did so by measuring the mediation and moderation effects of job crafting and power distance orientation (PDO) within the relationship between cognitive flexibility and calling. PDO levels become essential for high-power-distance societies such as Indonesia because PDO can decrease proactive behaviors, such as job crafting. Three hundred four employees in Indonesia responded to measures of calling, PDO, job crafting, and cognitive flexibility. Analyses indicated that the relationship between cognitive flexibility and calling is mediated by cognitive crafting and moderated by PDO. Results support CCT as useful for understanding the mechanisms of calling. For a high-power-distance country, the process of discerning a calling is influenced by submissive attitudes toward a superior. Thus, in assisting job-crafting processes, counselors should focus on the relationship between employees and their superiors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-356
Number of pages14
JournalCareer Development Quarterly
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


  • calling
  • career construction theory
  • cognitive flexibility
  • job crafting
  • power distance orientation


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