Digital weberianism bureaucracy: Alertness and disaster risk reduction (DRR) related to the Sunda Strait volcanic tsunami

Nur Laila Meilani, Sudarsono Hardjosoekarto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article is an exploratory report study of the disaster risk reduction (DRR) of the 2018 Sunda Strait volcanic tsunami, using the Digital Weberianism Bureaucracy (DWB) concept introduced by Muellerleile and Robertson. The actors of DRR, including their contributions according to their role in disaster management immediately after the drastic calamity, were mapped by the measurements of Social Network Analysis (SNA) using the Gephi Software and Correspondence Analysis (CA) using SPSS. Field data were obtained from 150 individuals who were directly affected by the volcanic tsunami by using digital questionnaires designed at an Open Data Kit (ODK) platform as part of a partially mixed sequential dominant status design research method. Centrality measurement in SNA shows a number of dominant actors in DRR observed from the three aspects of DWB, namely intelligent efficiency, sizing-up objectivity, and remotely rationality. Qualitative data were collected to further explore the roles of each actor in DRR. This research illustrates the weak integration of early warning and rapid information system applications developed by national disaster agencies, resulting in the failure to achieve DRR. This study also provides a theoretical contribution by expanding and enriching the DWB concept as a reframing of Weberian bureaucracy in the digital era.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101898
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • Alertness
  • Digital weberianism bureaucracy
  • Disaster risk reduction
  • Sunda strait
  • Volcanic tsunami


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