Difficulties in performing prayers as a muslim transgender individual

Chaterina Janes Pratiwi, Agung Waluyo, Sri Yona, Herni Susanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The number of transgender individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Indonesia is increasing. As human beings, transgender individuals have needs, including spiritual and religious needs. The purpose of this study is to explore transgender individuals' experiences when praying as Muslims. This qualitative study uses a phenomenological approach. We recruited 15 transgender Muslims living with HIV. Answers obtained during the course of in-depth interviews revealed the following trends: (1) Constraints encountered when attempting to pray as transgender individuals among the Muslim community; (2) transgender women perceive that they are men while praying; and (3) hospital nurses do not provide spiritual guidance. Nurses should provide for the spiritual needs of transgender individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-317
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • HIV
  • Islam
  • Prayers
  • Transgender


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