Differentiation capacity of dental pulp stem cell into inner ear hair cell using an in vitro assay: a preliminary step toward treating sensorineural hearing loss

Indri Adriztina, Delfitri Munir, Ferry Sandra, Muhamad Ichwan, Jenny Bashiruddin, Imam Budi Putra, Farhat, Rosita Juwita Sembiring, Cynthia Retna Sartika, Angliana Chouw, Endah Dianty Pratiwi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is commonly caused by the death or dysfunction of cochlear cell types as a result of their lack of regenerative capacity. However, regenerative medicine, such as stem cell therapy, has become a promising tool to cure many diseases, including hearing loss. In this study, we determined whether DPSCs could differentiate into cochlear hair cell in vitro. Methods: DPSCs derived from human third molar dental pulp were induced into NSCs using a medium containing basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) for 7 days, and then into cochlear hair cell using a medium containing EGF and IGF-1 for the next 14 days. We used the neuroepithelial protein marker nestin and cochlear hair cell marker myosin VIIa as the markers for cells differentiation. Cells expressing the positive markers under the microscope were confirmed to have differentiated into cochlear hair cell. Results: DPSCs were successfully induced to differentiate into NSCs, with mean 24% nestin-positive cells. We found that DPSC-derived NSCs have a great capacity in differentiating into inner ear hair cell-like cells with an average of 81% cells presenting myosin VIIa. Thus, DPSCs have high potential to serve as a good resource for SNHL treatment. Conclusion: We found the high potential of DPSCs to differentiate into NSC. The ability of DPSCs in differentiating into neural lineage cell made them a good candidate for regenerative therapy in neural diseases, such as SNHL

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cochlear hair cell
  • Dental pulp stem cells
  • Sensorineural hearing loss

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