Different heat treatment of CeO2 nanoparticle composited with ZnO to enhance photocatalytic performance

A. Taufik, H. Shabrany, Rosari Saleh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites were prepared with four variations of the molar ratio of ZnO to CeO2 nanoparticles. Both ZnO and CeO2 nanoparticles were synthesized using the sol-gel method at low temperature, followed by different heat treatments for CeO2 nanoparticles. Thermal phase transformation studies of the CeO2 nanoparticles were observed at annealing temperatures of 400-800°C. The complete crystalline structure of CeO2 nanoparticles was obtained at an annealing temperature of 800°C. The structural and optical properties of all samples were observed using several characterization techniques, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, and Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET) surface area analysis. The structural characterization results revealed that the prepared CeO2 nanoparticles were quite crystalline, with a cubic structure. The photocatalytic activities of all samples were tested under visible irradiation. The obtained results showed that ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites with a molar ratio 1:0.3 exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity. Further understanding of the role of primary active species underlying the reaction mechanism involved in photocatalytic activity were carried out in controlled experiments by adding several scavengers. The detailed mechanism and its correlation with the properties of ZnO/CeO2 nanocomposites were discuss.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012038
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume188
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2017
EventInternational Symposium on Current Progress in Functional Materials 2016, ISCPFM 2016 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Jul 201627 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • CeO
  • methylene blue
  • photocatalytic
  • ZnO

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