Dietary Trans fatty acids intake and its relation to dyslipidemia in a sample of adults in Depok city, West Java, Indonesia

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Abstract

Introduction: The Basic Health Research of the Ministry of Health Indonesia in 2008 reported that the single most important cause of death was stroke, in both urban and rural populations. The risk factors underlying the cause of death are associated with hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia. The purpose of thi s study was to determine the mean intake of trans fatty acids and its relation to dyslipidemia in a sample of Indonesian adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 180 adult male and female respondents aged 35-60 years living in rural and urban areas of Depok city, West Java. Dietary intake was assessed by means of 24-hour recall and semi-quantitative FFQ. Results: The mean intake of trans fatty acids was 0.48% of total calories (urban 0.40% and rural 0.55%). The prevalence of dyslipidemia in the rural and urban subjects were 61.1% and 66.7%, respectively. There was a statistically significant relationship between trans fatty acids intake and hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Conclusion: The intake of trans fatty acid among the Indonesian adults studied was half the recommended level. The high prevalence of dyslipidemia found indicates the need for intervention to reduce the rising incidence of cardiovascular diseases in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-346
Number of pages10
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Dyslipidemia
  • Indonesia
  • Trans fatty acids intake

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