Die soldering is a sticking phenomenon between molten aluminum with the surface of steel die in the die casting process, which results in damage to the cast products and l the steel die. In this research, two die materials, H13 and Cr-Mo-V steels were used. Those dies were then treated by two process variables, shot pinning and nitriding-shot pinning. To simulate the die casting process, the samples were dipped into molten Aluminum-Si alloy, ADC12 at 680℃ for 30, 300, and 1800 seconds. Characterizations were focused on the surface of the steel, which includes microstructure observation by a microscope, microhardness profile, compound identification, and weight loss measurements. It was found that H13 steel and Cr-Mo-V steel treated by nitriding–shot pinning have higher hardness up to 100% and thinner intermetallic layer. On H13 steel, the compact layer thickness decreased from 19 μm to 17 μm and from 96 μm to 80 μm for the broken layer. Similar trends occurred for Cr-Mo-V steel, where the thickness of the compact layer and broken layer decreased from 38 μm to 19 μm and 119 μm to 45 μm respectively. These results indicate that H13 and Cr-Mo-V steels that were treated by nitriding–shot pinning have a better resistance to die soldering.