Diagnostic Test of a Scoring System for Frailty Syndrome in the Elderly According to Cardiovascular Health Study, Study of Osteoporotic Fracture and Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Based Frailty Index Compared with Frailty Index 40 Items

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Abstract

AIM: to get a recommendation on the best frailty syndrome diagnostic tools, that will be able to be practiced on a daily setting in Indonesia.

RESULTS: the proportion of frail, pre-frail and fit according to FI-40 are 25.3%, 71% and 3.7% respectively. In terms of differentiation frail to non-frail, CHS had 41.2% sensitivity, 95% specificity, PPV 73.7%, NPV 82.7%, LR+ 8.41 and LR- 0.62. SOF scoring system had 17.6% sensitivity, 99.5% specificity, PPV 92.3%, NPV 78.1%, LR+ 35.2 and LR- 0.83. Furthermore FI-CGA had 8.8% sensitivity, 100% specificity, PPV 100%, NPV 76.4%, LR+ and LR- 0.91.

METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study with diagnostic test approach, conducted to patients in the Geriatric Outpatient Clinic of Cipto Mangunkusumo National Referral Hospital on May-June 2013. Each subject underwent a frailty evaluation using CHS, SOF, FI-CGA and FI-40 scoring systems. Then, we calculate the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, LR+ and LR- of each scoring system compared to FI-40.

CONCLUSION: There is no better scoring system that could be implemented to screen for frailty syndrome other than FI-40 items. However, other scoring systems could be used as a good diagnostic tool for the syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalActa medica Indonesiana
Volume47
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015

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