Diagnostic Performance of Calf Circumference, Thigh Circumference, and SARC-F Questionnaire to Identify Sarcopenia in Elderly Compared to Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia's Diagnostic Standard

Mienche Mienche, Siti Setiati, Bambang Setyohadi, Juferdy Kurniawan, Purwita Wijaya Laksmi, A. Ariane, Gunawan Tirtarahardja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: sarcopenia is one of many geriatric problems that may lead to major clinical outcomes. Calf and thigh circumference have good correlation with muscle mass, whereas SARC-F questionnaire is very predictive of muscle function. There has not been a study that evaluates the diagnostic performance of calf and thigh circumference in combination with SARC-F questionnaire in detecting sarcopenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic performance of calf and thigh circumference in combination with SARC-F questionnaire compared to standard diagnostic methods of sarcopenia according to the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) to predict sarcopenia in patient aged 60 years or older. METHODS: this cross-sectional study was conducted in Geriatric Clinic Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia during April-June 2018. Analysis was performed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to determine the cut-off point as well as sensitivity (Sn), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV), positive and negative likelihood ratio (LR+ and LR-) of calf and thigh circumference as an indicator of low muscle mass, and SARC-F questionnaire score to detect decreased muscle function. RESULTS: from 120 participants, there were 46 men (38.3%) and 74 women (61.7%). The combination of calf circumference with cut-off point below 34 cm in men and below 29 cm in women, thigh circumference below 49 cm in men and below 44 cm in women with SARC-F questionnaire score of ≥4 have Sn, Sp, PPV, NPV, LR+, and LR- of 15.79%; 99.01%; 75.00%; 86.21%; 15.95; and 0.85 respectively. CONCLUSION: combination of calf and thigh circumference with SARC-F questionnaire showed good diagnostic accuracy in predicting sarcopenia in elderly outpatients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-127
Number of pages11
JournalActa medica Indonesiana
Volume51
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • calf circumference
  • elderly
  • SARC-F questionnaire
  • sarcopenia
  • thigh circumference

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