Diagnosis and treatment update: cholangiocarcinoma.

Indra Wijaya, Murdani Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Cholangiocarcinoma is a rare and very aggressive neoplasm that arises from the biliary epithelium, constitutes approximately 2% of all reported cancer, and accounts for about 3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Up to date, there are many modalities to diagnosis and treat with a range of sensitivity and specificity, and also the advantage and disadvantage of its modality. As a physician, we should be able to assess and choose promptly which modality is best for our patient, even for paliative care. Treatment modalities are surgery and non-surgery like adjuvant chemotherapy, radiation, chemoradiation, radiotherapy, TACE, 5-FU chemoinfusion, intralesion PEI, photodynamic therapy, liver transplantation, and paliative therapy. The choice of treatment varies individually. Radical surgery remains the optimal therapy and offering a potential for cure. Overall prognosis in these patients is poor and survival is limited to a few months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-215
Number of pages4
JournalActa medica Indonesiana
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011


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