Development of nanofluid detergent based on methyl ester sulfonates surfactant from waste cooking oil and titanium dioxide nanoparticles

Resi Levi Permadani, Slamet

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, nanofluid detergent was synthesized from methyl ester sulfonate (MES) surfactant and titanium dioxide nanoparticles while MES surfactant was synthesized from waste cooking oil (WCO), a low-cost material. The purpose of this study was to obtain an eco-friendly nanofluid detergent with optimum stability and performance. In the synthesis of MES surfactant, WCO has been purified first then followed by trans-esterification and sulfonation process. Concentrations of MES surfactant and CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose) were varied for detergent synthesis, while TiO 2 concentration was kept at 0.1%. Performance test of detergent was studied by stain removal and stain degradation test. Optimum quality of MES surfactant was obtained at pH 7 with disalt content of 4.47%. The results showed at MES surfactant concentration of 1.5%, detergent had the best stability about 99% and after the addition of CMC 4%, no sedimentation occurred within two weeks. MES concentration of 1.5% has the best performance for stain removal and after the addition of CMC 4%, detergent performance increased about 14%. While stain degradation test showed that detergent performance can be improved by TiO 2 photocatalytic reaction, which respectively increased about 11% and after the addition of CMC increased 5%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012120
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume509
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2019
Event13th Joint Conference on Chemistry, JCC 2018 - Semarang, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Sept 20188 Sept 2018

Keywords

  • Detergent performance
  • MES
  • nanofluid detergent
  • TiO nanoparticles
  • WCO

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Development of nanofluid detergent based on methyl ester sulfonates surfactant from waste cooking oil and titanium dioxide nanoparticles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this