Development and characterization of an automated portable wound irrigation device for diabetic ulcers

Muhammad Hanif Nadhif, Hanif Assyarify, Muhammad Irsyad, Em Yunir, Tri Juli Edi Tarigan, Angela Sarumpaet, Eni Iswati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Patients with diabetes mellitus may experience peripheral neuropathy and extremity system impairment, which may lead to ulceration if the treatments are delayed. Diabetic ulcers, unfortunately, are chronic, which require proper treatments, including debridement and bacterial removal using an irrigation device. To date, commercial irrigation devices included pulsed-lavage, bulb syringe, and gravity bags. Unfortunately, the devices have limitations in terms of portability, measurability, controllability, and disposability. To tackle the limitations, this study aims to design, fabricate, and characterize an automated portable wound irrigation device (Apdice), which is controllable non-disposable, and portable. The device was designed and fabricated using a lightweight construction, a rechargeable battery, and non-disposable materials to support the portability and non-disposable means. Meanwhile, the proportional-derivative-integral controller with its peripheral components were featured to enable controllability. Furthermore, the device was also tested regarding the contamination using a particle counter, and appeared to be contamination free. In short, Apdice showed a robust technological performance. However, it is also worth the try to test the contamination test against biological agents to guarantee the biocompatibility of the device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4746-4755
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Diabetic foot ulcer
  • PID control
  • Wound irrigation
  • Wound treatment


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