Determination of LC50 value of Nicotiana tabacum L. extract against Gryllus bimaculatus imago and Galleria mellonella larvae

Hannah Natasha Andjani, Yogi Sentosa, Kori Yati, Mahdi Jufri, Ahmad Fauzantoro, Misri Gozan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Replacement of synthetic pesticide with natural pesticide is highly demanding because it is more environmentally friendly. Tobacco is majorly exploited for cigarettes production. Therefore, it needs to be developed for other alternative products, one of which is insecticide due to nicotine content and other toxic compounds. This research aimed to determine the effectiveness of tobacco as an insecticide for Galleria mellonella and Gryllus bimaculatus. The raw material used in this study was the leaf extract of Nicotiana tabacum L., var. Virginia that was obtained by Ethanolic Heat Reflux Extraction (EHRE) technique. After testing on the insects, LC50 values were 36.6 mg/ml for Galleria mellonella and 38.5 mg/ml for Gryllus bimaculatus.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2019
EditorsKenny Lischer, Tomy Abuzairi, Siti Fauziyah Rahman, Misri Gozan
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419445
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019
Event4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019 - Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Jul 201924 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2193
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering�s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices, ISBE 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityPadang, West Sumatera
Period22/07/1924/07/19

Keywords

  • ethanolic heat reflux extraction
  • Galleria mellonella
  • Gryllus bimaculatus
  • LC
  • Nicotiana tabacum L.
  • var. Virginia

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    Andjani, H. N., Sentosa, Y., Yati, K., Jufri, M., Fauzantoro, A., & Gozan, M. (2019). Determination of LC50 value of Nicotiana tabacum L. extract against Gryllus bimaculatus imago and Galleria mellonella larvae. In K. Lischer, T. Abuzairi, S. F. Rahman, & M. Gozan (Eds.), 4th Biomedical Engineering''s Recent Progress in Biomaterials, Drugs Development, Health, and Medical Devices: Proceedings of the International Symposium of Biomedical Engineering, ISBE 2019 [030024] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2193). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5139361