Determinants of non-cardiorespiratory fitness in pre-elderly women

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Backgrounds: Fitness was found as an indicator of morbidity and mortality to the elderly. A person who have low physical fitness level is often associated with a lack of regular physical activities and causes of degenerative diseases and premature death. Besides, fitness will have an inluenfce to his body composition (reduced fat levels in the abdomen), increase lipid profile (reduced triglyceride levels, increased HDL), reduce LDL, and reduce blood pressure.

Objectives: This study focused on the physical fitness of middle-aged women in Pancoran Mas, Depok. The purpose of this study was to look at the relationship between lifestyle, body composition and nutritional intake and physical fitness. In addition, this study also determined the dominant factor related to physical fitness.

Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design and the data were collected from 134 middle-aged women. Physical Fitness was measured by fitness test using handgrip test, sit and reach test, and chair sit and stand the test. Data on body composition will be collected through a series of anthropometric measurements. Meanwhile, nutrition intake was collected using an interview questionnaire on a 2-day 24-hour dietary recall and lifestyle were collected by using Physical Activity Scele for Elderly (PASE Questionnaire).

Results: The result showed that 72.4 percent of respondents had a low category level condition. This study showed that there is a significant relationship between physical activities and non-cardiorespiratory fitness in middle-aged women. The dominant factor related to determining fitness was physical activities with OR 2.382 after being measured by a percentage of body fat, body mass index (BMI), smoking status and vitamin B12 intake.

Conclusions: The most influential variable was physical activities after adjusted by BMI (Body Mass Index), the percentage of body fat, smoking status, and vitamin B12 intake.middle aged women should keep their physical activity in active level. They can use walking or aerobic dance to maintain their physical activity.

KEYWORDS: Middle-aged women; non-cardiorespiratory fitness; physical activity

Original languageEnglish
JournalJurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics)
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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