Determinants of exclusive breastfeeding practices of female healthcare workers in Jakarta, Indonesia

Siti Rapingah, Nova Muhani, Besral, Poppy Yuniar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The World Health Organization in 2019 recommended that mothers worldwide exclusively breastfeed their infants for the child's first six months to achieve optimal growth, development, and health. Indonesia had not fulfilled the global standard of breastfeeding rate, so that there was low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in East Jakarta, especially for female health care workers. This study aimed to determine the factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practices of health care workers. This study was a quantitative study using a cross-sectional design. The recruited sample consisted of 85 female primary healthcare workers with infants aged 6-24 months. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding. The results showed that the proportion of exclusive breastfeeding was 54.1%. Variables associated with exclusive breastfeeding were knowledge, attitude, family support, co-worker support, and healthcare worker support. Multivariate analysis showed that knowledge and age were the dominant factors of exclusive breastfeeding practices with an odds ratio (OR) adjusted OR of 14 and 5, respectively. Knowledge was an influential factor in the success of exclusive breastfeeding. Therefore, creating a training program related to breastfeeding would be expected to improve knowledge. Besides, a supportive policy such as providing breastfeeding facilities was needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-65
Number of pages7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Exclusive breastfeeding
  • Female healthcare worker
  • Knowledge
  • Support


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