Determinants of COVID-19 Knowledge, Perception and Attitudes in Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Al Asyary, Meita Veruswati, Rony Darmawansyah Alnur, La Ode Ahmad Saktiansyah, La Ode Hasnuddin S. Sagala, Syawal Kamiluddin Saptaputra, Eka Oktavia, Maria Holly Herawati, Ririn Arminsih Wulandari, Hanns Moshammer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Many countries, including Indonesia, were gravely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. While younger people were rarely severely affected by an infection, they still served as important spreaders of the disease. Therefore, the knowledge, perception and attitudes regarding COVID-19 of a mostly younger population was assessed in this study using a quantitative survey and semi-structured questionnaire. Out of 15 questions on COVID-19, males answered fewer questions (−1.26) correctly. Persons reporting more diseases in the last year (+0.49 per disease) that lived in a central area of Indonesia, and that had a better socio-economic status defined through household condition scores, had better knowledge of the symptoms, causes of and measures against COVID-19. Better knowledge independently predicted more responsible attitudes and stated behavior. Knowledge and understanding should be enhanced through information campaigns targeted specifically towards men, persons with poor socio-economic backgrounds and those living in the periphery of the state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3713
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • COVID-19
  • health literacy
  • Indonesia
  • knowledge
  • perception


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