Indonesia faces a growing number of elderly people is increasing, with increasing elderly, not infectious diseases increase chronic or multimorbidity, there by the study has aims to explore the prevalence of Chronic Complications on elderly with diabetes mellitus and related factors. The research used data from National Basic Health Research 2007. National Basic Health Research is a cross-sectional design survey, two stage cluster method for sampling. The result is shown that the prevalence of chronic complication on the elderly with diabetes mellitus is 73.1%. Hypertension disease is the most of chronic complication that has been frequent appeared on elderly with diabetes mellitus. Based on multivariate analysis revealed to diabetes mellitus complication related with age, gender, obesity, smoking, and physical activity. The study purposes to emphasize of prevention and promotion program such as CERDIK program from Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia. The CERDIK program has many intervention programs, for example, reducing smoking, delegating regularly exercise, balancing healthy-diet calorie, resting and taking control of stress.