Design of PLC Integrated Process Simulation Software for Steam Generator Using Matlab Simulink

Ikhtiander, Santoso

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This paper describes the work done in order to make Matlab Simulink based steam generator simulator in the simulation of a steam generator. The steam generator under this research is operated with the steam quality of 72%, O2 content is 1.2%, designed steam volume flow is 3600 barrel per day at a maximum and designed fuel gas volume flow is 1300 Thousand Standard Cubic Feet (MSCF) per day at a maximum. The simulator program of the steam generator is separated into individual components consisting of Burner, Radiant, Convection, Exhaust Stack, Feedwater Pump Discharge and Steam Discharge. Within the components, thermodynamics and heat transfer principles such as conduction, convection, radiation and also conservation of mass, momentum, and energy were applied to compute the pressure values, temperature values, and flow rate values of simulated field device based on the command and setpoint from PLC. The validation process has been done with the steam generator is operating in a steady state to the 10 important process parameters of the steam generator. The error percentage calculated from a difference between the simulation result value and the actual value from field data reference divide by actual value from field data reference. The error percentage results are as following: Fuel Gas Orifice Differential Pressure: 2.39%, Fuel Gas Pressure: 1.37%, Fuel Gas Temperature: 5.95%, Fuel Gas Flow Rate: 1.25%, Feedwater Orifice Differential Pressure: 1.94%, Feedwater Pressure: 1.54%, Feedwater Flow Rate: 0.92%, Steam Orifice Differential Pressure 3.26%, Steam Discharge Pressure 1.93% and Steam Quality: 0.05%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01012
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2018
Event6th International Energy Conference: Innovative Sustainable System in Energy - Food - Water Nexus, ASTECHNOVA 2017 - Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Nov 2017 → …


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