Design of delta primary - transposed zigzag secondary (DTz) transformer to minimize harmonic currents on the three-phase electric power distribution system

Chairul Gagarin Irianto, Rudy Setiabudy, Chairul Hudaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The delta primary - transposed zigzag secondary (DTz) transformer has been designed and used to reduce the bad impacts of the harmonic in the distribution power system. The DTz transformer is constructed with delta connection in primary winding and the three transposed windings at the different core legs of secondary winding. The harmonic reduction method of the DTz transformer applies two basic principles. The first principle is to inhibit electromagnetic energy of the harmonic currents by cancelling the phase polarity on the secondary winding. The second is to insulate the remaining of the mmf induction from harmonic current loads and minimize to circulate in the delta windings on the primary side. The triplen harmonics currents generated on the primary and secondary winding of DTz transformer are simulated in this paper. Both balanced and unbalanced loads of the three-phase distribution system are examined. The experiment shows that the total THD current in the secondary winding when balanced loads are applied is about 70.8 %, and in the primary side is 24.3 %. While for unbalanced loads, the average THD in secondary winding is 68.44 % and in delta winding is 26.4 %. It means the DTz transformer has a filter-ability to reduce about 42 - 46 % THD for both balanced and unbalanced loads. By comparing the computer simulation results and data measurements through experiment in the laboratory, it is proved that the use of the proposed DTz transformer is one of the methods to reduce harmonic currents and inhibit them to enter to the supply system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-290
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics
Volume2
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Balanced and unbalanced loads
  • Delta primary - transposed zigzag secondary winding (DTz) transformer
  • Non-linear loads
  • Triplen harmonic currents

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