Introduction. Indonesia has a high incidence of young HIV-positive population which is 20-29 years of age is in the highest group (50%). For this reason, it is important to make a better quality of life for them. Unfortunately, beside all the opportunistic infection, it was proved that osteopenia/osteoporosis has become a new emerging metabolic condition for HIV-infected patients. There is still no study about the description of bone mass density in HIV/AIDS patients in Indonesia. Methods. A cross sectional study was conducted in a total of 75 HIV-seropositive antiretroviral-naïve patients. Bone mineral density (BMD) was determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in lumbar spine. Results. Seventy-five subjects had been recruited. Low BMD was found in 29.3% HIV-seropositive patients with osteopenia and 1,3% with osteoporosis. There was a higher number of osteopenia/osteoporosis in subjects who consume alcohol, smoking, lymphocyte CD4 <200 cells/mm3 and low body mass index (BMI). Duration of infection did not show any differences in both HIV with osteopenia/osteoporosis and subjects with normal bone condition. Conclusions. Osteopenia and osteoporosis were found in patients with HIV/AIDS in RSCM with lower bone density in subjects who consumed alcohol, smoke, lymphocyte CD4 <200 cells/mm3 and low BMI.