Demographic determinant of primary school repeater in Indonesia

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The development of a country is supported by its education development. In general, education is financed by the government. It is expected that all school-age population can participate in education. Indonesia has implemented the nine-year compulsory basic education program. The aim of this study is to examine the demographic factors that affect the primary school repeater in Indonesia. The data source was from the World Bank Development Indicator of the World Bank. The data coverage was from 1971 to 2018. The dependent variable was the primary school repeater rate. The independent variables were the population growth rate and fixed telephone subscription. The data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The results of the study indicate that higher primary school repeater was associated with higher population growth rate and lower fixed telephone subscription. Therefore, Indonesia needs to manage its population growth rate and improve infrastructure development, in particular information technology infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11023
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2021
Event22nd International Scientific Conference on Energy Management of Municipal Facilities and Sustainable Energy Technologies, EMMFT 2020 - Voronezh, Russian Federation
Duration: 8 Dec 202010 Dec 2020


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