Delignification of empty fruit bunch using deep eutectic solvent for biobased-chemical production

M. Muryanto, F. Amelia, M. N. Izzah, R. Maryana, E. Triwahyuni, T. B. Bardant, E. Filailla, Y. Sudiyani, M. Gozan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Lignocellulose biomass was a potential feedstock for biobased chemicals substituting fossil-based chemicals. Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) is the largest lignocellulose biomass from oil palm waste. Lignocellulose contains cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. Pretreatment is one of the steps in the bioconversion of lignocellulose material. Pretreatment aims to reduce lignin in lignocellulose because lignin can inhibit biomass conversion. The objection of this research is to conduct pretreatment by deep eutectic solvent (DES). DES is the green solvent widely used for biomass conversion. The pretreatment process was conducted at various temperatures and processing times. The delignification of EFB by using DES in 100°C, 120°C, and 150°C pretreatment temperature was 30.67%, 40.60%, and 44.05% respectively. This pretreated-EFB can be used further for biobased chemicals such as glucose, ethanol, or furfural.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012013
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event4th International Conference on Green Energy and Environment 2022, ICoGEE 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 11 Oct 202212 Oct 2022


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