Degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in aqueous solution by ozonation in the presence of iron oxide compound in bubble column reactor

Dionisius P. Wahyudi, Sarah V. Ghaisani, Setijo Bismo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Chlorophenols are a group of chemical substances given special attention by experts and researchers of industrial wastewater due to their high toxicity and low biodegradability. The degradation of these compounds, often used in studies is 2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP), either use conventional processing methods or contemporary approaches such as catalytic ozonation and AOPs (Advanced Oxidation Processes). The laboratory-scale 2,4-DCP degradation technique in this study was carried out in a multi-injection bubble column, with very satisfactory processing results. This is mainly due to the ability of hydroxyl radicals to decompose almost all 2,4-DCP in wastewater as well as not giving out a dangerous product. Specifically, the chlorophenol waste used here is a synthetic wastewater or dilute 2,4-DCP solution focused on investigating the effect of air flow rate, wastewater flow rate, and the amount of iron oxide (FeO and / or Fe2O3) involved. This bench scale processing of 2,4-DCP degradation is a semi-continuous, with an initial concentration of 2,4-DCP of 50 ppm and 60 minutes of ozonation time. In this study, the use of FeO and/or Fe2O3 catalysts does not significantly affect the degradation efficiency of 2,4-DCP. With the non-catalytic ozonation technique, the highest percentage of phenolic and COD degradation obtained was 99.83% and 84.31% at an air flow rate of 12 L / min and a wastewater flow rate of 495 mL / min. For catalytic ozonation, the highest phenolic and COD degradation under the same operating conditions was 99.64% and 86.44%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-193
Number of pages11
JournalEngineering Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • 2,4-Dichlorophenol
  • Bubble column reactor
  • Ferrolite
  • Ozonation
  • Wastewater treatment


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