Defining the key factors of industry 4.0 adoption in the manufacturing industry: A systematic literature review

Meriastuti Ginting, T. Y.M. Zagloel

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The significant impact caused by the implementation of Industry 4.0 has made Industry 4.0 a very popular topic among industries, academics, and governments around the world, including Indonesia. The launch of Making Indonesia 4.0 showed the seriousness of the Indonesian government in preparing the Indonesian manufacturing industry to implement Industry 4.0. The problem faced by corporate leaders and the government is that the Indonesian manufacturing industries are still in the early readiness stage with an INDI (Indonesia Industry 4.0 Readiness Index) score of 1.97. This research aims to develop the proper model to measure the readiness level of Industry 4.0 adoption in Indonesian manufacturing industries by first identifying the key factors of Industry 4.0 adoption that will be used as a dimension of the model. The objective of this study is to conduct a systematic literature review to identify the key factors influencing Industry 4.0 adoption in manufacturing industries. The systematic literature review was conducted according to PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) 2020, which was used as guidelines to conduct the systematic literature review. With the five-stage guideline of PRISMA 2020, this study found 74 key factors that played a role in Industry 4.0 adoption in manufacturing industries. The factors are then compiled and assessed, which are similar or related, and then put into the same category or dimension. Of 74 key factors, this study identified 22 key factors for the readiness of industry 4.0 adoption in the manufacturing industries, which were grouped into 6 dimensions, namely: organization and management, technology, people, process, product and service, and external factors. The five factors most identified by studies are: 1. competency, skill, and knowledge (24 studies); 2. cybersecurity (24 studies); 3. strategy, leadership, and culture (23 studies); 4. integration (22 studies), and 5. industry 4.0 investment (based on 21 studies).

Original languageEnglish
Article number040007
JournalAIP Conference Proceedings
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2023
Event4th International Conference on Industrial, Enterprise, and System Engineering: Collaboration of Science, Technology, and Innovation Toward Sustainable Development, ICoIESE 2021 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 16 Dec 2021 → …


Dive into the research topics of 'Defining the key factors of industry 4.0 adoption in the manufacturing industry: A systematic literature review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this